Tuesday, April 30, 2013

Unidentified object struck one of the ISS solar arrays - BFM.ru - BFM.Ru

acting commander of the crew of the International Space Station Canadian Chris Hadfield said via Twitter about the discovery of “bullet hole” in one of the ISS solar arrays.

«bullet hole – a small rock from space has passed through our solar battery. I am glad that he has not touched the body, “- wrote Hadfield in the social network, attaching a picture of solar panels, one of which shows a small hole.

Meanwhile, experts doubt that the hole was made by a meteorite. According to them, it was the debris that would be unable to break through the layers Corps International Station. Of the opinion, in particular, holds James Scott, a scientist from the laboratory study of the Moon and the planets of the University of Arizona.

Currently, the ISS, except Hadfield are flight engineers Roman Romanenko, Pavel Vinogradov and Alexander Misurkin (Roscosmos), and Thomas Mashburn and Christopher Cassidy (NASA). Last week, the space truck “Progress” given them a precious cargo – scientific equipment and components, as well as fuel, food, water and air for astronauts.

CERN restores the very first web site - BBC Russian

 Screenshot of the first browser

first screenshot browser. Then, people were shocked by how far technology has come

Scientists of the European Centre for Nuclear Research (CERN) have begun to attempt to restore the very first page on the Internet.

aim of the project – keep the original physical hardware and the software of time the birth of the Internet.

the World Wide Web was created 20 years ago, worked at CERN Professor Sir Tim Berners-Lee.

According to Dan Noyes, web manager CERN, the restoration of the first in the history of the web page will help future generations learn how the Internet has changed and continues to change a person’s life.

“I would like my children to realize the importance of this moment in the history of mankind. internet now everywhere, it was like a” normal “phenomenon, and there is a danger that we forget just how much he has changed fundamentally,” – says Dan Noyes.

“Who is a unique moment in history, because we can still turn on the very first server and see how it works. We want to keep it”.

ideals and aspirations

Computer NeXT

NeXT computer is now restored

Project members also hope that the restoration of the first web page and the first website will be reminded of the ideals and aspirations of the creators of the Internet.

Internet technology is based on decentralized control and free access to all the information. It is because of this architecture, the Internet, almost all working in the web space convinced of the importance of freedom of expression, universal access to the Internet, and they are characterized by a tendency towards decentralization of information.

It is this tendency to undermine traditional values ??makes the first attempt to restore the site so interesting.

During conversations with the participants of the project at CERN, it became clear that for them – it’s not just the restoration of old computers and equipping them with no less than old programs. For them it is the embodiment of a powerful idea, which, they believe, is gradually changing the whole world.

I went into the former office of Tim Berners-Lee, where he worked in the computer department of CERN, trying to find new ways to handle the huge amount of information generated by particle accelerators.

inside would not let me, as a person who holds that office today, just tired of the constant succession of visitors.

But before the door of the office was a historical person who was a young researcher at CERN, when he worked there, Tim Berners-Lee. James Gillies rose to the post of head of department CERN public relations.

He also participates in the restoration of the first web site. The question “why” he says simply: “I have always dreamed of to show people how people then used the Internet”.

“For example, one might assume that the first browser was very primitive, but it is not. He has used a graphical programming language. It can be edited from the beginning. It was an awesome thing. thing is very advanced.”

principles that will change the world

People who are not connected with Web technology can be very skeptical of the idea of ??using the computer program and the 20-year-old to see the old text on a Web page.

Free Internet – it’s practically a human

Professor Nigel Shadbolt,
University of Southampton

But James Gillies, and Dan Noyes convinced that the recovery of the first web page and the first website worth it, because in their original structure based on the principles of universality and universal access – the principles that are believed creators of the Internet 20 years ago, will change the world and make it more fair.

Members of the first web browser, for example, be able to edit and change content. In modern browsers, this function is no more.

At the very initial stages of development of the Internet has also created a simple browser that allows users to view content on a very simple and cheap computer.

According to Dan Noyes, many ideals, which was founded by early internet, gradually disappear. That’s why he wanted to “go back in time and save it”.

“Modern browsers simply wonderful, but if you look into the past, to the early browsers, which, in my opinion, it is clear that we have lost some aspects of the vision of Tim Berners-Lee”.

Now Dan Noyes searches engineers who worked on computers at the time NeXT, where he worked, Tim Berners-Lee, to understand how to restore them.

In those days it was the most modern computers, and to create the World Wide Web Tim Berners-Lee needed two such machines. One of these machines put on display next to the office of Dan Noyes.

I told him that, approaching the miracle of computer technology of the early 90′s, I wanted to stop, shut up and admire what he saw.

“Imagine what the reaction of visitors, if we manage to revive him!” – meets Dan Noyes.

20 years ago, CERN has decided to share his invention – the Internet – with the world. Free.

most important document

 Tim Berners-Lee

inventor of the internet Tim Berners-Lee

In 1993, the managers of CERN were heated debates about whether it should remain CERN base all over the internet or the company should focus on its main goal – the fundamental physics studies.

Tim Berners-Lee and his colleagues insisted that the Internet does not belong to CERN.

CERN Management has agreed and signed a legal document that forbade anyone to take it online under his personal control. The document also guaranteed free access to the open standards of the Internet.

says James Gillies, this is the most important document in the history of the World Wide Web.

“Without that, in the world there would be things like the Internet, but each would have belonged to Microsoft, Apple, Vodafone or anyone else. Open standards available to everyone, there would be no”.

Internet has not led to radical changes in the society, as it had hoped 20 years ago, its creators. Most of the sites prefer a one-way exchange of information.

But for those who study the Internet – for example, for Professor Nigel Shadbolta of Southampton University – extremely important to maintain the principles and ideas, which was founded by early internet.

According to him, it is necessary to defend the principle of public access to the Internet, that he was not under the control of any organizations or corporations. “Free internet – it’s practically a human right,” – says Nigel Shadbolt.

CERN specialists will restore the first page in the history of the Internet - BBC News

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CERN scientists recreate the first web page in order to recall the ideas of universal access to information - NEWSru.com - NEWSru.com

CERN scientists recreate the first web page in order to recall the ideas of universal free access to information
Tim Berners-Lee | Global Look Press

Experts of the European Centre for Nuclear Research, decided to re-create the first ever web page, according to the website of the scientific organization. The purpose of the project – closer to the birth of the World Wide Web: it can not be less than thrilling and exciting than the simulation of the Universe.

A team of scientists at CERN intends to use the original software that was used in the early days of the Internet. The initiative is dedicated to the twentieth anniversary of the discussions that gave the world Network: its creator, Tim Berners-Lee, was an employee of the center, reports BBC.

According to the Web project manager Dan Noyce, the restoration of the world’s first site will enable future generations to better study the impact of the World Wide Web on modern life. “I want my children to be able to understand the significance of this moment: The network is ubiquitous, and, in general, it is normal that one risks never know how much it has changed since its inception,” – he explained Broadcasting Corporation.

told Noyce, now while you can still turn on the first web server and to work on it a series of experiments. Professionals want to document this moment and save it “for posterity.” They expect that the recovery of the first web page and the first site will serve as a reminder of the basic values ??of the Network.

In a Web-based project is the idea of ??decentralization of control and universal access to free information. The newest project to rebuild the first page goes beyond mere restoration of old computers and software: experts intend to physically move closer to the emergence of, let’s say, a kind of virtual matter, which is designed to gradually change the world.

According to a participant of the project, head of communications at CERN, James Gillies, the first browser was not a primitive: it had graphics capabilities, it could even edit the page directly – he was, in fact, the first editor of the specialized web pages. Modern browsers do not allow for this.

Many may not believe that the use of hardware and software decades ago when Web sites might be something interesting. However, Gillis and Noyes believed that the first page it is necessary to revive even because it lays down the principles of universal access, which, as many had hoped, ultimately make the world a more just and equal for all.

The original idea of ??the World Wide Web is partially lost

According to experts at CERN, a departure, in particular, the possibility to change the appearance of web pages in the browser without any additional software and technology to some extent destroyed the original ideals. In addition, the first browser was designed for viewing from any computer very simple, the main idea was to availability. Approaching the emergence of the World Wide Web, the sponsors hope to symbolically return to the values ??of universal access to information.

“Modern browsers offer excellent opportunities for viewing Web pages, but, remembering how was the first navigator, we understand that some of the proposed Berners-Lee was lost” – complains Noyes.

in 1993 at CERN took a serious discussion of whether to remain the center of the network owner or whether it should focus on the core mission of basic research, and the World Wide Web free of charge to give the world. Berners-Lee and his colleagues insisted that CERN does not have to be the owner of the web. As a result, a document was signed, make the network of publicly available so that no one can own it: everyone is guaranteed free and open standard for its use. Gillis believes, is “the only valuable document in the history of the World Wide Web.” Without it, he said, at present, most likely, there would be things like that, but they belonged to Microsoft, Apple or anyone else.

Unfortunately, the authors believe the project, the Internet did not cause the social changes that its creators dreamed of 20 years ago. Most Web sites are designed for one-way communication, and virtual space is divided between Internet providers.

The head of the Ministry of Education appointed a new curator of dissertations - Russian Newspaper

Director of the Department of attestation of scientific and scientific-pedagogical personnel of the Ministry of Education appointed Inessa Shishkanova.

She is a graduate of the Moscow State Social University, where she graduated in 1999. Then Inessa Shishkanova worked at Legal Department of Education and Science, and in 2005 became head of the legal department of the Office of the Federal Property and the development of material and technical base of the Federal Agency for Education. In 2006-2007 Inessa Shishkanova worked in “the Federal Institute of Education Development,” in Rosobrnadzor. Since 2012 was the Deputy Director of the Department of training and certification of scientific and scientific-pedagogical personnel of the Ministry of Education. Since February 2013 held the position of Acting this department.

Stepping into a new position, Inessa Shishkanova stressed that the main lines of work of the Department will be the optimization of the network of dissertation councils, improvement of the legal framework in the field of public attestation of scientific and scientific-pedagogical personnel.

recall that last winter was a scandal with bogus thesis in the country. In late January, a commission under the leadership of the deputy head of the Ministry of Education Igor Fedyukin reported on the findings of doctoral and master’s theses on history, protected at the Moscow Pedagogical State University (Moscow State Pedagogical University). The Commission concludes that the university was organized by the “mass production” of fictitious theses. Later, 11 people were defending themselves in the dissertation council on the basis of Moscow State Pedagogical University and found guilty of plagiarism and other violations were deprived of degrees.

Alferov: "Science does not need philosophy of survival and development" - Akademgorodok News

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Monday, April 29, 2013

Telescope "Hubble" transmitted to Earth the first images of the comet approaches the Sun, "Ayson" - Channel

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