Ancient Palmyra, destroyed by the militants and want to restore the ancient town, world cultural treasure fully fotodokumentation in its present condition. The sole owner of these photographs is Russia. Photographs can help in the restoration of a cultural monument, is a UNESCO world heritage site, said Deputy Director of the Institute of history of material culture Russian Academy of Sciences Natalia Solovyova.
Photodocumentary destruction of Palmyra became possible as a result of aerial surveys, conducted in late September by Russian specialists. In addition was made of terrestrial fixation of objects of the monument with a height of 350, 200 and 120 meters – total area of about 13 square kilometers. This allowed us to build a landscape-architectural 3D-model of the Palmyra to its present state. It will allow experts “to begin the evaluation and planning of rehabilitation works”, – said Natalia Solovyova.
Aerial photography conducted special group that includes various professionals from the military topographers to specialize in antiquity, members of the Hermitage staff and representatives of the Academy of Sciences.
Experts have repeatedly commented on the volume and nature of destruction. The volume was less than expected, but destroyed a unique, iconic objects. While the obvious possibility of restoration of the temple Balsamina (the missing parts will be completed today). Probably will turn out and reassemble the column Zenobia. “Camp of Diocletian simply requires clearing, the theater has been preserved in good condition,” said Natalia Solovyova.
a 3D model done by Russian specialists, will be transferred to the Ministry of culture of Syria and UNESCO, which will coordinate the work of the team of international experts for the restoration of Palmyra.
Palmyra – the city of late antiquity, located in Syria between Damascus and the Euphrates. In Palmyra are the architectural monuments of the first and second century ad. In 1980 the city was included in the world heritage list of UNESCO. Prior to the conflict in Syria, Palmyra was visited by 150 thousand tourists per year. In 2015, captured the city, the militants of ISIS (a terrorist organization banned in Russia – approx. ed.) destroyed many of the monuments of the ancient city.